The World’s Most Notorious Volcanoes – Mount Nyiragongo, Tambora and Mt. Vesuvius
Mother nature has provided us with uncountable blessings yet when the time comes for its rage, no one can escape the harm. Volcanoes are considered great examples of Mother nature’s expression of rage but there are scientific explanations for these disastrous phenomena. Earth’s deep core activity results in the formation of volcanic vapors which float and erupt where the crust is most vulnerable. There is a ballpark figure of 500 volcanoes on Earth and the most notorious of them are:
Mount Nyiragongo is considered a ticking bomb in Africa. The volcano is the most active one in the continent and is famous for the appearance of lava lakes in its crater. The most recent eruption of Mt. Nyiragongo took place in 2002. Although the eruption was major, the 400,000 residents were fortunately evacuated out of Goma, the provincial capital. However, the catastrophe took the lives of 147 individuals and destroyed about 4,500 building leaving 120,000 homeless.
Mount Tambora in Indonesia is notorious for the magnitude of its eruption in 1815 which had a global effect making the following year 1816, the year without summer. The volcano emitted some million tons of SO2 gas into the atmosphere which rapidly condensed in the form of massive clouds covering the Earth. This magnificently lowered the temperature and resulted in a series of acid rains. The effects of this volcano eruption caused the blockage of sunlight and famine.
Although Mount Vesuvius poses no current threat on Italy, the volcano resulted in one of the most devastating natural disasters in history in 79 AD. The eruption, which was later classified as Plinian, buried the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum under ashes. There are fossils of the incinerated bodies available in museums and several documentaries were made as records of the destructive calamity.